27 Jun

Call Center Shrinkage: Unveiling the Factors Affecting it and Strategies for Improvement


Call centers play a vital role in maintaining effective communication between businesses and their clientele in customer service. However, one common obstacle that call centers face is shrinkage, which can significantly impact their productivity and overall performance. This blog post aims to shed light on what call center shrinkage entails, why it occurs, and, most importantly, how to improve it. By implementing the strategies outlined here, call center managers and agents can work towards maximizing efficiency and delivering exceptional customer experiences.

Understanding Call Center Shrinkage


Call center shrinkage refers to the portion of time agents are unavailable to handle customer interactions despite being scheduled to do so. It encompasses various factors such as breaks, meetings, training sessions, and other off-phone activities, contributing to agents needing to be more present in handling customer calls.

Types of shrinkage

There are two main types of call center shrinkage, each with its causes and implications for call center operations. Let’s learn about these types of shrinkage:

Planned Shrinkage: This type of shrinkage includes scheduled breaks, lunches, team meetings, training, and other activities agents must engage in during working hours. These planned activities are essential for agents’ well-being, skill development, and team collaboration. This shrinkage also includes the planned leaves of the agents, of which intimation was provided to the supervisors beforehand. 

However, they result in agents being temporarily unavailable to handle customer calls. The formula for planned shrinkage is (%):

(Total Planned Unavailable Time/Scheduled Work Hours) x 100

Unplanned Shrinkage: Unplanned shrinkage refers to unexpected factors that lead to agent unavailability. These include unscheduled absenteeism due to illness, emergencies, or personal reasons. Unplanned shrinkage can also occur due to technical issues such as system outages, network disruptions, or equipment failures that prevent agents from handling customer interactions. Spontaneous shrinkage poses challenges for call center management since it can be difficult to anticipate and plan for. Unexpected shrinkage can be calculated by (%):

(Total Unplanned Unavailable Time/Scheduled Work Hours) x 100

Understanding Call Center Shrinkage

Call center shrinkage is influenced by several factors that can impact agent availability and overall operational efficiency. Understanding these factors is crucial for call center managers to manage and minimize shrinkage effectively. Here are some key factors that contribute to call center shrinkage:

  • Inadequate Workforce Management: Poorly planned workforce management can lead to increased shrinkage. Staff levels, proper shift scheduling, and adequate forecasting and planning contribute to idle time and unproductive hours.
  • Agent Attrition and Absenteeism:  High agent attrition rates  and frequent absenteeism can significantly impact shrinkage levels. Low employee morale, job dissatisfaction, or inadequate work-life balance are common factors contributing to absenteeism.
  • Technological Issues: Technical difficulties can disrupt call center operations and contribute to shrinkage. System outages, software glitches, hardware failures, or network disruptions can render agents unable to handle customer interactions. When agents need access to the necessary tools and systems, it leads to unplanned shrinkage as they wait for the technical issues to be resolved.
  • Lack of Training and Skill Development:Insufficient training programs and adequate skill development opportunities for agents can help their ability to handle customer interactions efficiently. This knowledge gap can result in longer handling times and increased shrinkage.
  • Inefficient Processes and Tools: Inefficient call center processes and outdated tools can hinder agent productivity and contribute to shrinkage. Complex or time-consuming processes, multiple system logins, and inefficient software interfaces can slow agents’ ability to handle customer interactions. Having streamlined processes and user-friendly tools can reduce handling times and minimize planned shrinkage.

Strategies to Improve Call Center Shrinkage

Improving call center shrinkage is crucial for optimizing operational efficiency and delivering exceptional customer experiences. By implementing effective strategies, call center managers can minimize planned and unplanned shrinkage, improving agent availability and productivity. Here are some strategies to consider:

Effective Workforce Management: Implementing robust workforce management practices minimizes shrinkage. This includes accurate forecasting and scheduling, aligning staffing levels with call volume patterns, and utilizing real-time monitoring and analytics tools to make data-driven decisions.

Ensuring optimal staffing levels during peak call times reduces wait times, improves service levels, and minimizes planned shrinkage. Managers can make data-based decisions and quickly address any deviations from the planned schedule, helping to reduce shrinkage.

Enhanced Recruitment and Retention Strategies: Adopting comprehensive recruitment strategies to attract the right talent is essential. Hiring individuals who align with the job requirements and are genuinely interested in customer service can help reduce attrition rates. 

Clear job descriptions and realistic expectations during the hiring process help ensure a good fit between the candidate and the role.

Fostering a positive work environment, providing growth opportunities, and recognizing agents’ achievements can improve employee satisfaction and reduce absenteeism.

Technological Solutions: Investing in a reliable and robust technological infrastructure can help mitigate shrinkage caused by technical issues. Implementing redundant systems, regularly maintaining hardware and software, and having contingency plans can minimize downtime and improve overall system reliability.

Integrating advanced call center technologies can also contribute to shrinkage reduction. For instance, interactive voice response (IVR) systems, chatbots, and self-service options can empower customers to resolve simple queries without agent assistance, reducing the number of calls agents must handle.

Training and Development Initiatives: Providing comprehensive training programs to agents is crucial for their skill development. Regular coaching and feedback sessions can help agents improve efficiency and reduce handling times, minimizing shrinkage. Continuous  learning opportunities and upskilling programs should be implemented to keep agents updated with industry trends and customer service best practices.

Cross-training agents to handle different types of calls or empowering them to handle customer inquiries across multiple channels enhances their versatility and reduces dependency on specialized agents, thereby minimizing planned shrinkage.

Performance Monitoring and Incentives: Performance monitoring tools and metrics allow managers to identify improvement areas and provide constructive feedback to agents. Additionally, incentive programs tied to performance metrics can motivate agents to achieve better results and reduce shrinkage.

Rewards and recognition for agents who consistently meet or exceed their targets create a positive and competitive environment, driving performance improvements and reducing planned and unplanned shrinkage.

Flexible Work Options: Offering flexible work arrangements, such as remote work or flexible scheduling, can enhance employee satisfaction, reduce burnout, and minimize absenteeism. Call centers can improve overall productivity and reduce shrinkage by providing agents with more control over their work-life balance.

Measuring and Monitoring Shrinkage

Measuring and monitoring call center shrinkage are vital for understanding agent availability and optimizing operational competence. Call center managers can identify shrinkage patterns, make informed decisions, and implement strategies to reduce shrinkage. Here are vital steps to measure and monitor call center shrinkage:

Key Performance Indicators (KPIs)

Call centers should track and measure  relevant KPIs to monitor shrinkage effectively. Key metrics include schedule adherence, average handling time, occupancy rate, etc. Regularly analyzing these metrics allows managers to identify trends, spot potential issues, and implement appropriate interventions.

Real-Time Monitoring

Real-time monitoring tools enable call center managers to approach shrinkage proactively. By monitoring agent availability and call volumes in real-time, managers can promptly make informed decisions to address any deviations from the planned schedule.

Measure Schedule Adherence

Schedule adherence measures how closely agents adhere to their assigned schedules. It is an essential metric for monitoring shrinkage. Calculate schedule adherence by dividing the time agents adhere to their schedules by their scheduled work hours and multiplying by 100.

Track Absenteeism Rates

Absenteeism rates provide insights into the unplanned shrinkage caused by unscheduled absences. Monitor and track absenteeism rates by calculating the percentage of scheduled work hours missed due to absences. This can be done regularly, weekly, or monthly.

Analyze Trends and Patterns

Analyze the collected data to identify trends and patterns in shrinkage. Look for recurring factors contributing to shrinkages, such as specific time slots, days of the week, or individual agents. Analyzing trends helps understand the underlying causes of shrinkage and enables managers to take targeted actions for improvement.


Call center shrinkage poses challenges for managers striving to maximize operational competence and deliver exceptional customer experiences. Call centers can take significant steps towards reducing shrinkage levels by understanding the causes of shrinkage and implementing the strategies outlined in this blog. Effective workforce management, robust training and development initiatives, technological solutions, and a positive work environment are critical factors in minimizing shrinkage and improving call center performance. With a dedicated focus on reducing shrinkage, call centers can optimize operations, enhance customer satisfaction, and build stronger customer relationships.

NEQQO is a versatile platform that offers a wide range of features designed to meet the needs of customer support businesses of all sizes. From its intuitive interface to its inbuilt support functionality, NEQQO provides a comprehensive solution for companies looking to streamline their operations and improve their bottom line. See our product in action!

Request for Demo